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What is TMJ Dysfunction?
Your Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) is the most used joint in the body. Your TMJs (jaw joints) are involved with eating, talking, and breathing.
When things go wrong with your TMJ it is known as Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD).
You may or may not experience jaw pain or tenderness with TMJ dysfunction. The most common symptoms include:
- limited opening, or
- an inability to fully clench your jaw.
TMD sufferers are often teeth grinders or clenchers. They can also suffer headaches, ear pain dizziness and upper neck pain.
Some TMJ patients report pain or inability to eat, talk or sing. Tinnitus or ear ringing can be associated with TMJ dysfunction as well.
What Causes Temporomandibular Disorder?
TMJ dysfunction is considered a multifaceted musculoskeletal disorder.
Most Common Causes include:
- Masticatory muscle dysfunction,
- Derangement/displacement of TMJ articular disc
- Bruxism: nocturnal grinding of teeth leads to increased pressure in TMJ and asymmetrical movement.
Occlusal Problems: Poor bite, Asymmetrical or Retrognathic (underbite, overbite)